Vol. 1 No. 2 (2022): Cortica II : Remue-méninges de la santé mentale
Perspective

L’utilité des neurosciences du développement de l’enfant pour comprendre et prévenir les maltraitances dans les structures d’accueil de l’enfance

Noemie Dalla Palma
Université de Fribourg

Publié-e 2022-09-20

Mots-clés

  • Maltraitance, stress toxique, accueil extra-familial, prévention,
  • Maltraitance,
  • stress,
  • enfance,
  • développement,
  • éducation,
  • cerveau
  • ...Plus
    Moins

Résumé

La maltraitance peut revêtir de multiples formes et concerner de nombreux domaines. Dans le secteur de l’accueil de l’enfance (ou accueil extra-familial), les actes de maltraitances qui aboutissent à une dénonciation judiciaire sont très rares. Cependant, la rareté des dénonciations ne doit pas être entendu comme un signal d’inexistence de maltraitance dans ces institutions.

La maltraitance comprend de nombreux actes, des plus graves à ceux qui paraissent le plus banal. Dans ce travail, il sera mis en avant que même des actes du quotidien pouvant sembler inoffensifs peuvent avoir de vraies répercussions sur le cerveau en développement de l’enfant.  Face à ce constat, il est primordial que le personnel éducatif soit formé sur cette thématique, en comprenant de manière poussée le développement de l’enfant et les impacts du stress toxique sur son cerveau. Pour ce faire, les neurosciences sont un outil indispensable qui leur permet d’agir quotidiennement avec conscience et d’effectuer un vrai travail de prévention au sein des institutions.

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